Autoflowering Cannabis makes up the minority of the cannabis genus, while the other genus is C Sativa and C. Indica. Autoflowering cannabis makes up the third minority species known as C. Ruderalis, otherwise referred to as automatic cannabis or auto cannabis.
Now let’s see what the auto-flowering feature means? The auto-flowering feature attached to the species, mainly means that the strain will flower in a low or absent supply of light. Which also implies that these plants don’t require 12/12 amount of light cycle as with other cannabis strain.
While there have been disputes about if the C.ruderalis is a stand-alone genus, the research shows that it might be. A study carried out in 2005, revealed that the C.ruderalis could perhaps be a species of its own.
The strain is predominantly found in countries far north of the equator, Europe and East Asia, countries like France, Russia, Belgium, Czech Republic, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, to mention a few, can all boast of C. ruderalis or Autoflowering strain being abundant available in their ecosystem.
Table of Contents
- How to know and select a Strain with Autoflowering traits
- Features of Autoflowering strains
- The genetic makeup of Autoflowering strains
- Pros of Autoflowering Strain
- Best autoflower strains for outdoor growers
- Best Cheese Strains
- Best CBD autoflowering Strain
- Best Autoflower strains for yield
How to know and select a Strain with Autoflowering traits
It all began far in the north, where there was an increased reduction in the number of daylight hours due to the fleeting winter season, coupled with a massive decrease in temperature, making plants have a short growing season. These conditions made cannabis plants not to have the luxury to grow for a long time within a year. Thus, cannabis plants around the regions evolved, completing its vegetative period hastily, hindering the vegetative process until May/June, when the frost melt completely, and it should and must produce flowers rapidly before the frost starts to form again, which happens around early September. These adaptive features led to cannabis plants around these regions to create measures to survive the harsh environmental conditions. Adaptive features such as, Short statured plant, reduced CBD content, and the ability to autoflower without the interference of light made were all positive traits that led to the genetic mutation of the species; their progeny became even more adaptive. Thus the species became established.
Features of Autoflowering strains
One distinct feature you will notice with C.ruderalis is its short stature; the strain is rarely known to grow above 85 to 90cm in height with an average height of between 40 to 50cm. The plant is known to have scarce branches and produces small flowers as well. The leaves can either be narrow or wide, but most strains are commonly narrow-leaved. You will notice the plant begins to flower shortly after germination, typically within two to three weeks.
Right from when an auto-flowering strain is planted up until the time of harvest usually takes around nine to ten weeks. Autoflowering strains are highly resistant to pest and disease, frost and can adapt to impoverished soil, surviving with little nutrient availability.
The genetic makeup of Autoflowering strains
Lets us now explore a bit into how the auto-flowering strain is the way it is. Quick Fact; for plants to successfully reproduce and breed the next generation, the phase between its germination to flowering g is critical. In most plants, this timing is determined in the variation and response to photoperiods. However, the gene responsible for controlling the photoperiod dependency is somehow absent in C. Ruderals species (Autoflowering strains), these can be a clue into why other traits that are common to autoflowering strains are the way it is.
Autoflowering strains usually don’t exceed the height of 40 to 50cm. A theory to explain this is that plants typically rely on a specific protein known as photoreceptors to detect changes in light intensity. These Protein/photoreceptors are of four types.
– Cryptochromes: These protein receptors are responsible for sensing blue wavelengths.
– Phytochromes: These protein receptors are responsible.
– Phytotropins: These protein receptors are responsible for controlling growth and movement in response to light intensity and variation.
– And lastly, UVR8: These protein receptors respond to UV-B light.
These photoperiod plants are also in control of the flowering of the plant when daylight hours reach a brink. In a cannabis plant with short-day length, this brink is achieved when the daylight hours start to dwindle. While in long-day plants, this brink is reached when daylight hours begin to increase. Now, with autoflowering strains, all these conditions don’t apply to it. Thus, they are considered daylight neutral. Flowering occurs as an independent process, not dependent on any external influences. While the gene responsible for this process in the phototropic process in cannabis plants is undecided, research carried out on other plants suggest that a signaling hormone known as florigen is responsible for transmitting photoreceptors to the apex region of the shoot. Since the study wasn’t carried out on cannabis plants, it inconclusive the role of florigen in both autoflowering plants and photoperiod-dependent plants.
Pros of Autoflowering Strain
The advantage of growing an autoflowering strain is the ability to flower irrespective of if light is available or not. This privilege is most beneficial for indoor growers who don’t require separate rooms for strains that are in its vegetative or flowering stage. This is also advantageous for Commercial growers who can grow their strain in a room and harvest large scale of quality buds before the harvest time of those strain is reached.
Similarly, outdoor growers of autoflowering strain can harvest multiple times every growing season, and altercations in weather patterns will not interfere with the maturity time.
Now let’s look at autoflowering strains suited for specific conditions.
Over time genetics have helped us create a unique autoflowering strain with desirable traits. We will begin looking at the best autoflower strain for outdoor growers.
Best autoflower strains for outdoor growers
Generally, growing your autoflowering strain in an outdoor environment requires little or no care. The autoflower strains can do well even under harsh soil conditions, low temperatures, and reduced precipitation or rainfall. If you choose to germinate your strain outdoors, you can rest assured that your harvest will be bountiful even if you left the strain unattended. However, some cultural practices need to be carried out to prevent rodents and other pests like building wired fences, slug pellets to keep the pest away.
The Autoflowering strains we are going to suggest have been genetically modified by geneticist to withstand some outdoor diseases and become even more dogged than its parent strain.
You can expect flowering from these autoflowering strains within four to seven weeks of planting.
#1 Auto Lowryder Autoflowering Strain
An easy strain to grow. Auto Lowryder was created by the combination of the Williams Wonder, Northern Lights, and the Wild Mexican Strain. The strain is known for its incredible doggedness; this makes it a perfect strain for newbie and outdoor growers, even if you live as far North European or in Canada. The strain is newbie-friendly and produces THC levels between 13 and 20% when the plant reaches week nine or ten.
#2 The Auto White Widow
Yet another fantastic choice if you grow in cold regions. The strain lives up to its name, producing sticky buds that are white sparkling frosts. Although the strain has non-autoflowering parents, it still manages to product autoflowering traits due to the introduction of C. Ruderalis genes. Also, the strain produces relatively dense,
big buds; which means you need to provide enabling structural support for the buds and elongated branches. Auto White Widow, produces around 280 grams of buds per plant over a growing duration of 9 to 10 weeks.
#3 The Auto Ak-47
This strain is no newcomer to 420bigbud; the strain is unique in its own right, well known all over the world. With ancestry in Lowryder #2, you can be sure of a great variety of flavors and aromas from the strain, not forgetting its massive yield at the end of a growing season. With the Auto AK-47, you are not expected to wait long before you can taste your buds, flowering within eight weeks from the time of planting. If you’re looking for dense Indica buds coupled with a sensuous, enjoyable taste, then the Auto AK-47 will make an excellent choice.
#3 The Auto Super Lemon Haze
Another sweet lemon haze strain, this train is quite popular with Green House Growers, mainly because the strain can boast of a good number of Indica, Sativa, and C.ruderalis in percentage. As with its Photoperiod other (Super Lemon Haze), you can taste its sweet citrusy aroma, high and energized. The rich sativa ancestry makes for a perfect smoke, and its mixed heritage in Sativa makes the Auto Super Lemon Haze deliver a euphoric high, one that has never been experienced before. The strain is known to begin flowering as quickly as three weeks into planting, and continue the process until it reaches week nine or ten. Its short growing cycle makes outdoor growers in temperate regions; only two crop harvests in a year.
Best Cheese Strains
The rich history of the cheese strain dates back to the earliest UK skunk plantation; where geneticist was embarked on hand-picking and making stable skunk strains with the most quality and pungent aroma.
Shortly after several years of careful breeding, the breeders discovered the cheese variety, which notably left a cheese aroma and taste. To confidently call a strain “cheese,” it must have in its ancestry real Skunk genes.
Lets now look at some Cheese Strain with a lot of rich Skunk heritage.
#4 The Dark Queen Strain
The Dairy Queen is a subtle mix of Cheese and whitish Trichomes. The strain is said to be made up of 60% Sativa and will pass as an excellent cheese strain any day.
Users of this strain are known to experience euphoric highs, laid back, and happy demeanor. If you have an adventure to embark upon like mountain climbing or hiking, Dairy Queen can make the experience a worthwhile one, if included. The aroma from this strain is usually sweet and tart, with a pinch of cheese and fruit.
Yields from Dairy Queen is placed on average; having strong ancestry in Space Queen and the Cheese. So, for your next big adventure, consider taking the Dairy Queen along with you for a perfect unforgettable experience.
#5 The Pineapple Chunk
A predominant Indica strain, Pineapple Chunk, will ensure that your night sleep is sweet. Lots of Cannabis experts are marvelled by how potent this strain is.
You should be aware of the considerable high THC content, which, if not managed properly, can leave you stoned. The strain is unique for all skunk geneticists who look out for in a skunk strain. The strain produces a flavored and pungent aroma, making the Pineapple Chunk very tasty.
Growing the strain will lead to a plant with short stems and shoot, reaching a maximum height of 100cm; however, the strains short flowering time makes it a perfect pick for growers.
Best CBD autoflowering Strain
While it’s a normal thing to see Ruderalis strains to contain a high proportion of CBD, this is not always the case with every strain you come in contact with. Advancement in technology has enabled growers and breeders to create strains with desired CBD: THC Ratio.
Autoflowering strains are a perfect delight for growers who grow for medical purposes. It is so flexible that a newbie grower will find impressive output with these short strains. You can harvest the strain rich in CBD with just a couple of weeks into the germination of the plant.
#6 Stress Killer auto
Don’t expect this strain to grow as fast as you will want it. Be prepared to wait 11 weeks before the strain is ready; however, the wait is worth well worth it. Stress Killer Auto will give you subtle high, which makes it perfect for daytime use. As you can guess, the strain was named after the effect it brings to its users. Stress Killer Auto will chase all cases of stress and anxiety from your system. The 60% Sativa dominant strain gives a sweet lemony aroma and taste, one characteristic gained from its ancestor, the Lemon Shining Silver Haze. And to crown it all, the strain is rich in CBD, with THC found around 11 to 12%. If you need a strain to take the stress away, the Stress Killer Auto will always rise to the occasion.
Best Autoflower strains for yield
Autoflowering strains are well known for a lot of reasons, and one of which is its ease to grow, and its fast growth. Since the introduction of auto-flowering strains, breeders have worked hard to create strains with a relatively good number of yields; thankfully, the time is here.
Here are some autoflowering strains with impressive yield.
#7 Green Poison Autoflowering
A cool mix of Ruderalis, Sativa, and Indica genetics, the Green Poison Auto is a strain well-rated and prevalent. With Big Devil 2 and Green Poison as its parent strain, the Green Poison Auto leaves one with lasting euphoric high time and time again.
An ideal choice for growers searching for a strain that grows not only fast but also produces top yields, but yet maintains its small look. If you choose to grow the strain outdoors or indoors, expect heights of around 50 to 100cm for this strain. The time it takes to reach full maturity, ready for harvest, in 7 to 8 weeks.
#8 Auto Mazar
The Auto Mazar is an incredible and robust autoflowering strain that produces impressive yields and grows fast. A flexible strain, the Auto Mazar, can flourish in any grow channel you choose to use, be it soil or hydroponics.
The strain was created from the crossing Mazar, Pure Afghan and Skunk, which makes the strain rich in Indica.
Auto Mazar can thrive in both outdoor and indoor mediums, and will also show desired characteristics when grown within a greenhouse. Auto Mazar should be expected for harvest within 10 weeks from planting.
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